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Recently, Karnataka, a state in India held elections for choosing its Chief Minister. As the tenure of the previous Chief Minister, expired BJP got 104 seats, Congress got 78 seats, JDS got 37 seats and other parties got 2 seats respectively out of 222. BJP got the maximum seats but could not secure majority.BJP and Congress have an evergreen rivalry therefore, Congress and JDS are forming an alliance to further secure a majority in the house and form the government. This is a sufficient move to defeat the goals that democracy strives to achieve.
In this case, maximum people have chosen BJP to be there leader politically. Due to the combination of the other two parties, i.e.Congress and JDS the decisions and policies that are made would not be by the leaders of the chosen party, but the party that create alliance. Therefore, having elections and getting majority is of no use because in any case the minority gets to make the government. Hence, this is against democracy and merger therefore, should be held unconstitutional by the Supreme Court which is till now a valid law under the Anti- Defection Law under the tenth Schedule of the Indian Constitution. Thus,this helps the parties to achieve there personal motives. It tends to defeat the main features of democracy. Hence, defeats the goal of common good.
In the next few months, nine bypolls will be conducted in the state since candidates from the state legislative council and Members of Parliament have won assembly seats.The chief minister designate HD Kumaraswamy of JD(S) is also on this list, who resigned from Ramanagara and retained Channapatna. By-elections will be necessary for two winners from JD(S), two from Congress and five from BJP.BJP will have to replace its senior leader KS Eshwarappa, leader of the opposition in the house. Eswarappa resigned from his MLC post and won Shivamogga City assembly elections. V Somanna and Basavaraj Patil Yatnal are other leaders from BJP. Yatnal was elected as an Independent from the local bodies of Vijaypura and Bagalkot. His candidature will be replaced in the panchayat elections. Shimoga and Ballari are crucial for BJP since the former was represented by BS Yeddyurappaa and the latter by B Sreeramulu.The JD(S) has fielded its Mandya MP CS Puttaraju from Melukote and Kumaraswamy, who won both Ramanagara and hannapatna seats. Congress’ numbers are not strong in either of the houses. Two of its MLCs Byrathi S Suresh and Mahantesh Shivanand Koujalgi won in the 2018 elections.
WHAT IS DEMOCRACY?
Democracy, for a layman is when the people of a state or a country, choose whom do they have to be governed by.
The main features of democracy are:
- Elected Representative: Elections must be held to form a government.
- Majority rule: The party that achieves the maximum votes must form the Government.
- Representative government: The party that has been elected shall represent the people off the state or the territory or the country as the case maybe.
- Popular Sovereignty: Democracy is based on sovereignty. People’s power is utmost important in a democratic country.
India, often called the World’s Largest Democracy because of the sheer number of people who are listed voters, the actual functioning of the ideal of democracy could not be further away from reality. Democracy in India gives its citizens the right to vote irrespective of their caste, colour, creed, religion and gender. It has five democratic principles – sovereign, socialist, secular,democratic and republic.Various political parties stand for elections at the state as well as national level periodically. They propagate about the tasks accomplished in their previous tenure and also share their future plans with the people. Every citizen of India, above the age of 18 years, has the right to vote..India is known to have a successful democratic system. However, there are certain loopholes that need to be worked on. Among other things, the government must work on eliminating poverty, illiteracy, communalism, gender discrimination and casteism in order to ensure democracy in true sense.
I feel India is a democratic country because the government is elected by the people and it works for them. People have the right to change it if it does not work according to them.People are given some basic rights like freedom of speech etc.Regular elections take place in India after every 5 years.The Indian Government works according to the constitution of India.People can approach the courts if it works against it.The government is answerable to the people of India.